Microbial Genomics provide approaches to understand microbial evolution, population genomics, outbraks and epidemiological investigations, , metagenomic and whole transcriptome studies, and bioinformatic analysis,Genes and Genomes,Transcription and translational regulations etc. A gene mutation is a permanent alteration in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene, such that this sequence is unique in different people. Pharmacogenomics (PGx) aims to optimize drug efficacy and minimize toxicity on the basis of improved understanding of genomic variants influence drug response. Clinical Genomics gives innovative products for colorectal cancer diagnosis. Regulation of gene expression includes a wide range of mechanisms. Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology futher host-microbe interactions in disease stategives the idea of pathogenomics.
- Pharmacogenomics and sequencing
- Transcription and translational regulations
- Genetic engineering products